Kia Optima Hybrid: Lighting System / Head Lamps Description and Operation

HID Head Lamp
1.
Bulb
(1)
Elements
Xenon gas: Xenon gas activates the initial reaction for rapid illuminating.
Molybdenum electrode: anode arcing
Metal halide salts: color composing component
(2)
Lightening principle
When Xenon gas and metal halide salt will discharge the molybdenum anode in a capsule, it emits light.
2.
Ignitor
Ignitor (A) is an electromagnetic transformer that receives current from ballast and boost voltage to light on the arc light source in any environment.

3.
Ballast
(1)
Ballast (A) delivers an instant high voltage pulse to the ignitor electrode, to initialize discharge in the source.
(2)
Ballast supplies the stable power to the bulb and the ignitor during initialization and normal state of arc.

4.
Stability
(1)
Durable for vibration as there is no filament.
(2)
Does not operate if polarity are changed.
(3)
Doesn''t operate if the input voltage is not in the range of 10-16V.
(4)
Doesn''t operate if the circuit is short.
(5)
Doesn''t operate if the bulb burnt out.
Head Lamps Components and Components Location

Component(1) 1. Head lamp assembly lens & housing2. Head lamp (High) lamp3. Dust cap4. Socket5. Turn signal/ Position lamp6. Head lamp (Low) lamp Component(2) 1. Head lamp assembly lens & housing2. ...

Head Lamps Repair procedures

Inspection 1. Check-points upon head lamp failure (HID) (1) Check the battery voltage. (Low beam will be on when the battery voltage above 9V.) (2) Check the fuse and relay. (3) Check the polarity of ballast. ...

Other information:

Kia Optima Hybrid (TF HEV) 2016-2020 Service Manual: Description and Operation


Description System Overview The System offers the following features: – Human machine interface through a 1-stage button, for terminal switching and engine start. – Control of external relays for ACC / IGN1 / IGN2 terminal switching and STARTER, without use of mechanical ignition switch. – Indication ...

Kia Optima Hybrid (TF HEV) 2016-2020 Service Manual: Repair procedures


On-vehicle Inspection     • Check that the auxiliary 12V battery cables are connected to the correct terminals. • Disconnect the auxiliary 12V battery cables when the battery is given a quick charge. • Never disconnect the auxiliary 12V battery while the engine is running. Check The Auxiliary ...

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