Kia Optima Hybrid: Windshield Wiper/Washer / Rain Sensor Description and Operation

Description
The Rain sensing windshield wiper system is a wiper system that, in addition to providing normal wiper functions off, mist, manual low speed, manual high speed, and wash, provides automatic control of automatic intermittent automatic low, and automatic high speeds.
When the ignition key is in the ON position, the rain sensor (A) will be activated.

System Function
Basic Principle
Emitted Beam from luminosity diode is reflected entirely against the windshield exterior, and then turn into photo diode.
If there is water on the windshield exterior, beam separates optically, and the degree of remained beam is measured in the photo diode.
What there is water in the windshield, it means beam is not reflected all, so the degree of lost beam indicates the degree of glass surface wet.
   
Rain sensor consist of two luminosity diode, two photo diode, optic fiber and coupling pad.
Operation Control
Wiper ECU transmits the signal as a rain sensor, and then the rain sensor perceives the rainwater to transmit to the wiping order wiper ECU, wiper ECU controls the wiper motor according to the signal.
Contact Influence
The rain sensor can malfunction due to following condition
Contamination of the measurement surface.
Air bubbles between the windshield and the coupling pad contact surface.
The movement of coupling pad by vibration.
Damaged wiper blade.
Operation Condition
In case that engine starts under wiper switch AUTO, rain sensor activates after once wiper operation to inform the driver that the system is under AUTO.
   
In case that the rain sensor doesn''t work or malfunction, it is needed manual wiper switch operation by the driver.
Rain Sensor Schematic Diagrams

Circuit Diagram ...

Rain Sensor Repair procedures

Inspection Rain Sensing Wiper 1. In IGN2 ON state, if auto switch input (LIN communication) is ON then both wiper low relay and wiper high relay outputs are controlled by the rain sensor input signal. ...

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